Tuning Educational Structures in Europe

Tuning General Brochure in French
Tuning General Brochure in German
Tuning General Brochure in Italian

TUNING Educational Structures in Europe started in 2000 as a project to link the political objectives of the Bologna Process and at a later stage the Lisbon Strategy to the higher educational sector. Over time Tuning has developed into a Process, an approach to (re-)designing, develop, implement, evaluate and enhance quality first, second and third cycle degree programmes. The Tuning outcomes as well as its tools are presented in a range of Tuning publications, which institutions and their academics are invited to test and use in their own setting. The Tuning approach has been developed by and is meant for higher education institutions.

Map of Tuning in Europe

The name Tuning is chosen for the Process to reflect the idea that universities do not and should not look for uniformity in their degree programmes or any sort of unified, prescriptive or definitive European curricula but simply look for points of reference, convergence and common understanding.

The protection of the rich diversity of European education has been paramount in Tuning and in no way seeks to restrict the independence of academic and subject specialists, or undermine local and national authority.

Tuning focuses not on educational systems, but on educational structures with emphasis on the subject area level, that is the content of studies. Whereas educational systems are primarily the responsibility of governments, educational structures and content are that of higher education institutions and their academic staff.

As a result of the Bologna Process the educational systems in all European countries are in the process of reforming. This is the direct effect of the political decision to converge the different national systems in Europe. For Higher Education institutions these reforms mean the actual starting point for another discussion: the comparability of curricula in terms of structures, programmes and actual teaching. This is what Tuning offers. In this reform process the required academic and professional profiles and needs of society (should) play an important role.

Reference Points for the Design and Delivery of Degree Programmes in Chemistry
Reference Points for the Design and Delivery of Degree Programmes in European Studies
Reference Points for the Design and Delivery of Degree Programmes in Occupational Therapy
Reference Points for the Design and Delivery of Degree Programmes in Physics


EU/US Research Project

 Learning Outcomes/Competences Research Project

New: Internship Guide; Work Placements Step by Step

New: The second issue of Tuning Journal

The second issue of Tuning Journal for Higher Education has been published. The topic of the second issue is: "Competence-based learning: a global perspective."

Universities contribution to the Bologna Process - An introduction - Japanese version

New: A Japanese version of Tuning Educational Structures in Europe Universities’ contribution to the Bologna Process: An introduction.

HUMART outcomes

The outcomes of the SQF Humanities and Arts (HUMART) project are now available on the website. You are welcome to comment on the documents.


Recently Published

TUNING Guide to Formulating Degree Programme Profiles, including Programme Competences and Programme Learning Outcomes

Tuning coordinators receive EAIE Bo Gregersen Award
Tuning ‘Process’ and The Third Cycle

In recent years the third cycle has been put high on the agenda of European higher education.


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